The current portfolio consists of 14 granted patents (families 1–6), and two public pending applications (families 7–8). 

1. ELECTRICALLY CONTROLLED ION TRANSPORT DEVICE (2006)
 

2. ELECTRICALLY CONTROLLED ION TRANSPORT DEVICE (2007)
 

3. ELECTRICALLY CONTROLLED ION TRANSPORT DEVICE (2008)
 

4. SELECTIVE ION TRANSPORT DEVICE (2009)
 

5. ION CONDUCTIVE DRUG DELIVERY WITH CONTROLLED DELIVERY ELECTRODE (2016)
 

6. ION PUMP WITH HYPERBRANCED POLYMERS (2016)
 

7. SELECTIVE DRUG DELIVERY IN AN ION PUMP THROUGH PROTON ENTRAPMENT (2019)
 

8. A SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RELEASING A SPECIES (2020)

[Manuscript in preparation, submitted Spring 2022]